The Facts About Gonorrhea
What is Gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea infection is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. In 2020, about half of all reported infections were estimated to be resistant to at least one antibiotic, making it even more important to encourage testing and treatment of the disease.
How is gonorrhea spread?
Gonorrhea infection can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be spread from an infected mother to her baby during delivery.
IF present, what are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
Many people do not have symptoms when they have a gonorrhea infection; but when symptoms do occur, they are often mild and a woman or doctor can mistake them for a bladder or vaginal infection. Symptoms can include: pain or burning when peeing; vaginal or anal discharge; vaginal bleeding between periods; anal itching, soreness, or bleeding; and/or painful bowel movements.
Does gonorrhea affect the spread of HIV?
Untreated gonorrhea likely increases your chances of getting or spreading HIV.
What complications can result from gonorrhea?
If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID occurs when the infection spreads to the uterus or fallopian tubes.2 PID is associated with long-term problems including chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.
Another possible complication of gonorrhea infection is the spread of the infection from a mother to her baby. If the mother is infected, newborn infants may acquire serious diseases such as meningitis and sepsis.
Another possible complication of a gonorrhea infection is disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI). DGI is usually characterized by arthritis, tenosynovitis, and/or dermatitis and can be life threatening.